World Comparisons

The total world area under vine covered 7.4 million hectares, remaining largely the same as the previous year (see Table 27). The latest available data from International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV) reveal that Spain remains the country with the largest area under vine, with 966,000ha or the equivalent of 13.1% of the area planted internationally (see Table 27). According to the latest available data from China, there are 855,000ha (11.5% globally) of vines in that country. Australia is ranked 13th globally with 146,000ha of vine plantings, representing 2% of the total vineyard area of the world (see Table 26).

With the 2020 vintage in the northern and southern hemispheres complete, preliminary global wine production was expected to decrease for the year by 11%, or by a total of 25,800ML. A smaller vintage globally was attributed to geopolitical tensions, climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic, which all added to uncertainty and volatility in the global wine market.

Italy remained the world’s largest wine producing nation in 2020 with approximately 4720ML of wine produced. This made up 18.3% of global production (see Table 27). However, second-placed France has been closing the gap with Italy with annual growth in 2020 of 4% to reach an estimated 4390ML of wine produced. This represented 16.2% of global wine production in 2020. Spain’s production climbed 11% for the year to total around 3750ML, bucking the downward trend elsewhere in the world (see Table 27). Australia suffered an 11% annual drop, with 1060ML of wine produced (see Table 27). This represents 4.6% of global wine production contributing roughly €1.8 billion (AU$2.81 billion) to the Australian economy. The top 14 largest wine producing countries are responsible for 88.8% of wine production globally.

The international export market is worth €31.8 billion (up 0.9%) with 10,580ML (up 1.7%) of wine shipped (see Table 28). The growth of the global wine market demonstrated an increasing appetite for wines in markets around the world. Bottled wine remains the most popular type of product sold internationally, making up around 70% of the value of global exports and 53% of the volume produced for export. The value of bulk wine continued to decline last year with this making up 34% of the volume of all wine shipped. Bulk wine made up about 8% of the total value of global wine exports (see Table 28).

In terms of volume, Italy overtook Spain to become the largest wine exporting nation. Around 2160ML of Italian wine was shipped to international markets, worth about €6.4 billion in 2019 (see Table 29). A substantial 2130ML of wine was shipped out of Spain. However, the Spanish product only traded for €2.7 billion (see Table 29). France remains the world’s largest exporter in terms of value, with €9.8 billion worth of exported wine in 2019, amounting to 1420ML (see Table 29). Australia showed strong growth in the value of its wine exports, with €1.8 billion, or 740ML, shipped to overseas markets (see Table 29).

Germany maintained its position as the world’s top importer of wine by volume, with 1460ML shipped to the country, valued at €2.6 billion. The United Kingdom was close behind with 1350ML imported into the country (see Table 30). The United States, meanwhile, imported a total of 1230ML of wine, equalling €5.5 billion in 2019. The Chinese market slowed during this period, with 610ML of wine shipped to mainland China with a value of €2.4 billion (see Table 30).

The US topped total national wine consumption at 3300ML, an increase of 1.8% from 2018, accounting for approximately 13% of total world wine consumption. France, Italy, Germany and China rounded out the remainder of the top five (see Table 31). Australia was the tenth largest consumer of wine in the world at 590ML, a drop of 1% from 2018. Overall, approximately 24,400ML of wine was consumed globally in 2019, a number that was consistent with the previous year. With the entire world affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, it is expected that global wine consumption will increase significantly.

Table 26: Top countries ranked by vineyard area

Vineyard area (‘000 ha) % of % change
Country 2018 2019 world from 2018
Spain 972 966 13.10% -0.60%
China* 855 855 11.50% 0.00%
France 792 794 10.70% 0.20%
Italy 701 708 9.60% 1.00%
Turkey 448 436 5.90% -2.80%
USA* 408 408 5.50% 0.00%
Argentina 218 215 2.90% -1.40%
Chile 203 200 2.70% -1.30%
Portugal 192 195 2.60% 1.20%
Romania 191 191 2.60% 0.00%
Iran* 177 177 2.40% 0.00%
India* 149 149 2.00% 0.00%
Australia 146 146 2.00% 0.10%
Moldova 147 143 1.90% -2.90%
South Africa 123 122 1.70% -0.20%
World 7,409 7,402 77% -0.10%

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2019, published April 2020
*carried over from latest available data

Table 27. Top producers of wine in the world

Wine production, ML 2019 % change
Country Prel. 2020 Prov. 2019 % world from 2019
Italy 4,720 4,750 18.30% -1%
France 4,390 4,210 16.20% 4%
Spain 3,750 3,370 12.90% 11%
USA 2,470 2,430 9.40% 1%
Argentina 1,080 1,300 5.00% -17%
Australia 1,060 1,200 4.60% -11%
South Africa 1,040 970 3.70% 7%
Chile 1,030 1,190 4.60% -13%
Germany 890 820 3.50% 8%
China NA 830 3.20% NA
Portugal 650 650 2.60% 0%
Russia 470 460 1.90% 2%
Romania 360 380 1.80% -7%
New Zealand 330 300 1.10% 11%
World 25,800 26,000 88.80% -11%

Source: 2020 Wine Production, International Organisation of Vine and Wine, published Oct 2020

Table 28. World wine export market

Product Type Structure in 2019 % change from 2018
Volume (ML) Value (bn EUR) Volume Value Volume Value
10,440 10,580 31.5 31.8 Bottled (< 2 litres) 53% 70% 0.50% 0.70%
Sparkling 9% 21% 2.50% 4.90%
BiB 4% 2% -13.10% -1.20%
Increase of 1.7% Increase of 0.9% Bulk (>10 litres) 34% 8% 4.90% -6.60%
Total 100% 100%

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2019, published April 2020

Table 29. Main Exporters of wine

Country Volume, ML Value, (Billion €)
2019 2018 2019 2018
Italy 2,160 1,960 6.4 6.2
Spain 2,130 2,000 2.7 2.9
France 1,420 1,420 9.8 9.3
Chile 870 840 1.7 1.7
Australia 740 850 1.8 1.8
Germany 380 370 1 1
USA 360 350 1.2 1.2
South Africa 320 420 0.6 0.7
Portugal 300 300 0.8 0.8
Argentina 270 280 0.7 0.7
New Zealand 270 260 1.1 1

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2019, published April 2020
Countries with export volumes in 2019 over 2,000ML

Table 30. Main importers of wine

Country Volume, ML Value, (Billion €)
2019 2018 2019 2018
Germany 1,460 1,470 2.6 2.7
UK 1,350 1,320 3.8 3.5
USA 1,230 1,150 5.5 5.2
France 720 700 0.9 0.9
China 610 690 2.4 2.4
Russia 450 410 0.9 0.9
Netherlands 420 420 1.2 1.2
Canada 420 420 1.7 1.7
Belgium 310 300 1 1
Portugal 290 200 0.1 0.1
Japan 280 260 1.4 1.4
Sweden 210 210 0.7 0.7

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2019, published April 2020
Countries with import volumes in 2019 over 2,000ML

Table 31. Wine Consumption in major countries

Wine consumption 2019 % change
Country ML % world from 2018
USA 3,300 13% 1.80%
France 2,650 11% -0.60%
Italy 2,260 9% 0.90%
Germany 2,040 8% 2.00%
China 1,780 7% -3.30%
UK 1,300 5% 1.00%
Spain 1,110 5% 2.30%
Russia 1,000 4% 0.90%
Argentina 850 3% 1.30%
Australia 590 2% -1.00%
Portugal 500 2% -2.70%
Canada 470 2% -3.40%
World 24,400 71% 0.10%

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2019, published April 2020

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