World Comparisons

There were 7.3 million hectares of land around the world under vine in 2021, a figure largely unchanged from the previous year (see Table 24). From the latest data, Spain remained the country with the largest area under vine, covering 961,000ha, This represented about 13.1% of the global vineyard area (see Table 24). There are 797,000ha under vine in France and 781,000ha of vineyards in China. These top three nations account for one third of the total area under vine around the world. Australia is ranked 13th globally with a total of 146,000ha of vineyards, representing around 2% of the total world area under vine (see Table 24).

Italy remained the largest wine producer by volume worldwide with its production level at approximately 4910ML. This accounted for 18.9% of total global production (see Table 25). The French, however, have been closing the gap with 4660ML of wine now produced, representing approximately 18% of global market share. Production in Spain continues to increase with an additional 21% in volume added since the previous year: 4070ML of Spanish wine was produced in 2021 (see Table 25).

These top three producers are responsible for 52.5% of global production with these national industries expected to benefit in the wake of the Australia-China trade war. Financial services giant Rabobank predicts that Chile, Spain and Italy are likely to fill the gap left by Australian wine being blocked from the Chinese market. The top 14 countries by production volume are responsible for 90% of the wine produced globally (see Table 25).

According to the International Organisation Vine and Wine, the total global wine export market is worth €29.6 billion (down 6.7%) with 10,580ML (up 1.7%) of wines shipped (see Table 26). Bottled wine remains the most popular type of product in the export market, comprising 70% of the value of global exports and 53% of the volume. Exported bulk wine remained steady at 34% of the volume shipped, and accounting for 9% of the total value of exported wine (see Table 26).

Italy is the largest exporter, with 2080ML of its wine transported to international markets, worth €6.23 billion in 2020 (see Table 27). Spain shipped 2020ML of wine products valued at €2.63 billion, significantly less than the value of Italian exports. France remains the biggest world exporter in terms of value, with €8.74 billion worth of exports in 2020 and 1360ML of freight (see Table 27).

The UK has overtaken Germany to become the top importer of wine by volume, with 1460ML of wines arriving on British shores, valued at €3.8 billion. Demand in the UK market remained strong and with the removal of VI-1 certificates from non-European countries effective from 1 January 2022, the export market to the UK is expected to be much more competitive. Australia is among the benefactors with the UK remaining the largest importer of Australian wine by volume. The British purchased a 266ML of Australian wine in 2021 (see Table 7). The removal of red tape is estimated to save importers €130 million a year. Germany, meanwhile, imported 1410ML of wine into the country valued at €2.57 billion (see Table 28).

Top countries ranked by vineyard area

Country Vineyard area (‘000 ha) 2020 Prel. Vineyard area (‘000 ha) 2019 Prov. % of world % change
Spain 961 966 13.1% -0.5%
France 797 794 10.9% 0.4%
China 785 781 10.7%! 0.5%
Italy 719 713 9.8% 0.8%
Turkey 431 436 5.9% -1.1%
USA 405 407 5.5% -0.5%
Argentina 215 215 2.9% 0.0%
Chile 207 210 2.8% -1.4%
Portugal 194 195 2.6% -0.5%
Romania 190 191 2.6% -0.5%
Iran* 167 167 2.3% 0.0%
India* 151 151 2.1% 0.0%
Australia 146 146 2.0% 0.0%
Moldova 140 143 1.9% -2.1%
South Africa 122 122 1.7% 0.0%
World 7,331 7,342 77% -0.1%

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2020, published April 2021
*carried over from latest available data
Note: figures may vary from those previously published as data is updated

Top producers of wine in the world

Country Wine production, ML 2020 % change
2020 Prel. 2019 Prov. 2018 % world from 2020
Italy 4,910 4,750 5,480 #18.9% 3%
France 4,660 4,220 4,920 17.9% 10%
Spain 4,070 3,370 4,490 15.7% 21%
USA 2,280 2,560 2,610 8.8% -11%
Argentina 1,080 1,300 1,450 4.2% -17%
Australia 1,060 1,200 1,270 4.1% -12%
South Africa 1,040 970 950 4.0% 7%
Chile 1,030 1,190 1,290 4.0% -13%
Germany 840 820 1,030 3.2% 2%
China 660 780 930 2.5% -15%
Portugal 640 650 610 2.5% -2%
Russia 440 460 430 1.7% -4%
Romania 360 380 510 1.4% -5%
New Zealand 330 300 300 1.3% 10%
World 26,000 25,800 29,400 90.0% 1%

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2020, published April 2021
Note: figures may vary from those previously published as data is updated

World wine export market

Product Type Structure in 2020 % change from 2019
Volume (ML) Value (bn EUR) Volume Value Volume Value
2020 2019 2020 2019 Bottled (
< 2 litres)
53% 70% -2.0% -6.0%
10,580 10,760 29.6 31.7 Sparkling 9% 19% -5.0% -15.0%
BiB 4% 2% 12.0% 8.0%
Decrease of 1.7% Decrease of 6.7% Bulk (>10 litres) 34% 9% 0.0% 4.0%
Total 100% 100%

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2020, published April 2021

Main exporters of wine

Country Volume, ML Value, (Billion €)
2020 2019 2020 2019
Italy 2,080 2,140 6.233 6.387
Spain 2,020 2,140 2.626 2.718
France 1,360 1,430 8.736 9.794
Chile 850 870 1.595 1.716
Australia 750 740 1.787 1.829<?
Argentina 400 310 0.655 0.682
USA 360 360 1.147 1.254
South Africa 360 410 0.535 0.59
Germany 340 380 0.882 1.044
Portugal 310 300 0.846 0.819
New Zealand 290 270 1.145 1.096

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2020, published April 2021
Countries with export volumes in 2020 over 2,000ML
Note: figures may vary from those previously published as data is updated

Main importers of wine

Country Volume, ML Value, (Billion €)
2020 2019 2020 2019
UK 1,460 1,400 3.804 3.957
Germany 1,410 1,480 2.572 2.635
USA 1,230 1,230 5.16 5.787
France 630 720 0.761 0.869
Netherlands 470 420 1.304 1.198
Canada 450 420 1.727 1.742
China 430 610 1.599 2.182
Russia 350 450 0.948 1.039
Belgium 300 310 0.988 1.0
Portugal 270 290 0.158 0.164
Japan 260 280 1.366 1.607
Sweden 220 210 0.726 0.69

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2020, published April 2021
Countries with import volumes in 2020 over 2,000ML
Note: figures may vary from those previously published as data is updated

Wine Consumption in major countries

Country Wine consumption (ML) 2020 % change
2020 Prel. 2019 Pro. % world from 2019
USA 3,300 3,300 14% 0.0%
France 2,470 2,470 11% 0.0%
Italy 2,450 2,280 10% 7.5%
Germany 1,980 1,980 8% 0.0%
UK 1,330 1,300 6% 2.3%
China 1,240 1,500 5% -17.3%
Russia 1,030 1,000 4% 3.0%
Spain 960 1,030 4% -6.8%
Argentina 940 890 4% 5.6%
Australia 570 590 2% -3.4%
Portugal 460 460 2% 0.0%
Canada 440 470 2% -6.4%
World 23,400 24,100 72% -2.9%

Source: State of the World Vitivinicultural Sector in 2019, published April 2020
Note: figures may vary from those previously published as data is updated

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