World Comparisons

The total world area under vines covered 7.5 million hectares in 2017 (Table 27, page 12). The latest data showed Spain has the largest area under vines with 967kha, representing an equivalent of 12.84% of area with plantation globally. China is closing the gap to become the second largest country with 870kha (11.55% globally) of area under vines. Australia remained at 11th globally with 145kha under vine around the country, representing 1.92% of the total area around the world (Table 27, page 12).

The major wine producers (Italy, France, Spain and the US) recorded a decline in production. Despite a relatively smaller bearing area, Australia produced 5.5% (ranked 5th) of the world’s wine creating an export market worth €1.7 billion in 2017 (Tables 28 and 29, page 13). Italy was the largest wine producer in the world producing 4,250ML of wine with 17.1% of global market share in 2017. This was closely followed by France (3,660ML) and Spain (3,250ML). These top 3 countries were responsible for 45% of wine production globally in 2017 (Table 28).

As a result, these 3 countries contributed 55% of the wines exported in 2017. Spain was the largest exporter transporting 2,320ML of wines produced worldwide contributing €2.8 billion to the Spanish economy. Italy exported 2,140ML (€5.9 billion) while France remained the biggest world exporter in terms of value, with €9 billion of exports in 2017 (Table 29). Australia showed strong growth in 2017 with an increase of 13.3% in export value contributing €1.7 billion with 780ML (up 7% in volume) shipped internationally (Table 29).

On the other hand, Germany maintained its position as the top wine importer in volume with 1,520ML of wines transported into the country valued at €5.2 billion. The United Kingdom was closely behind with 1,320ML imported into the country. However, it is currently difficult to predict the long-term consequences of Brexit on the wine industry (Table 30, page 13).

The United States imported 6.3% more wine in 2017, an overall 1,180ML equaling €5.2 billion. China observed another significant rise of 17% in import volume with 750ML distributed into the country (Table 30). Domestic demand in China was the biggest contributing factor to growth in the global trade in wine in terms of volume in 2017.

The US topped wine consumption in 2017 at 3,260ML increasing by 2.84%, accounting for approximately 13.4% of world consumption, with France, Italy, Germany and China rounding out the top 5 (Table 31, page 13). Australia is the tenth largest consumer in the world at 590ML, up by 2.4%, while Portugal showed the largest increase of consumption at 10.6%. Argentina dropped in wine consumption by 5.3% to 890ML (on top of a drop in 8.3% in 2016), likely due to the poor harvest brought about by an El Niño climate event in 2016. The country is yet to recover to normal production levels which could explain the lower consumption.

Table 27. Top countries ranked by vineyard area, 2017

Country

Vineyard area ’000 ha

% of world

% change from 2016

Spain 967 12.84 -0.82
China 870 11.55 0.69
France 786 10.43 0.0
Italy 699 9.28 0.87
Turkey 448 5.95 -4.27
United States 441 5.85 0.0
Argentina 222 2.95 -0.89
Chile 215 2.85 0.47
Portugal 194 2.57 -0.51
Romania 191 2.54 0.0
Australia 145 1.92 0.0
South Africa 125 1.66 -3.1
World 7,534 70.39 -0.32

Source: OIV – 2018 World Vitiviniculture Situation, OIV Statistical Report on World Vitivinculture

Table 28. Top producers of wine in the world, 2017 (ML)

Country

Wine production (ML)

% of world

change from 2016

Italy 4,250 17.1 -16.5
France 3,660 14.8 -19.0
Spain 3,250 13.1 -18.1
United States 2,330 9.4 -1.69
Australia 1,370 5.5 4.58
China 1,080 4.4 -5.3
Chile 950 3.8 -5.9
South Africa 1,080 4.4 2.9
Argentina 1,180 4.8 -16.7
Germany 750 3.0 -16.7
Portugal 670 2.7 11.7
Russia 630 2.5 21.2
Romania 430 1.7 30.3
World 24,800 87.2 -6.8

Source: OIV – 2018 World Vitiviniculture Situation, OIV Statistical Report on World Vitivinculture. Excludes juice and must.

Table 29. Top exporters of wine in the world, 2017

Country

Wine exports volume (ML)

% change from 2016

Wine exports value (Billion €)

% change from 2016

Spain 2,320 2.7 2.8 7.7
Italy 2,140 3.9 5.9 5.4
France 1,490 5.7 9.0 8.4
Chile 980 7.7 1.7 0.0
Australia 780 6.9 1.7 13.3
South Africa 450 4.76 0.6 0.0
United States 330 -13.2 1.3 -7.1
Germany 380 5.6 1.0 11.1
Portugal 300 7.1 0.8 14.3
Argentina 220 -15.38 0.7 0.0
New Zealand 250 19.1 1.1 10.0
World Total 10,800 3.9% 30.0 3%

Source: OIV – 2018 World Vitiviniculture Situation, OIV Statistical Report on World Vitivinculture.

Table 30. Top importers of wine, 2017

Wine imports volume (ML)

% change from 2016

Wine imports value (Billion €)

% change from 2016

Germany 1,520 2.0 2.5 0.0
United Kingdom 1,320 -2.9 3.5 0.0
United States 1,180 6.3 5.2 4.0
China 750 17.2 2.5 19.0
Japan 260 -3.7 1.4 7.7
Canada 410 -2.4 1.7 6.2
France 760 -2.6 0.8 14.3
Netherlands 440 10.0 1.2 9.1
Belgium 310 0.0 0.9 0.0
Russia 450 12.5 0.9 28.6
World Total 10,260 1.3

Source: OIV – 2018 World Vitiviniculture Situation, OIV Statistical Report on World Vitivinculture.

Table 31. Top wine consuming nations, 2017

Country

Wine consumption ML

% of world

% change from 2016

USA 3,260 13.4 2.84
France 2,700 11.1 -0.4
Italy 2,260 9.3 0.9
Germany 2,010 8.2 -0.5
China 1,790 7.4 3.5
United Kingdom 1,270 5.2 -1.6
Argentina 890 3.7 -5.3
Spain 1,050 4.3 6.1
Russia 890 3.7 -2.2
Australia 590 2.4 9.3
Portugal 520 2.1 10.6
South Africa 450 1.8 2.3
World Total 24,400 72.6 1.7

Source: OIV – 2018 World Vitiviniculture Situation, OIV Statistical Report on World Vitivinculture.

Back Issues

Search the Daily Wine News Monthly News feed below.

Categories

Wine Industry Directory Buyers’ Guide

Search the Buyers’ Guide for companies, services and brands.