World Comparisons

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World Comparisons

The worldwide area under vines decreased slightly in 2015, according to data released in April 2016 by the Organisation Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin (OIV). Global vineyard area decreased by 0.1% to 7.53 million ha from the previous year, with a 4.3% increase in China offsetting declines in France, Italy, Turkey and Portugal (Table 31). China has overtaken Italy and France in recent years to become the second largest country by vineyard area, ranking only behind Spain. However, most of China's vineyards are planted with table grapes. Spain's vineyard area was almost steady in 2015 compared to the previous year at just over one million hectares, and appears to have stabilised after significant declines between 2008 and 2011.

OIV ranked Australia as the world's 11th largest country by vineyard area, with 149,000 hectares under vine in 2015. This is significantly higher than the Australian Bureau of Statistics' estimate of 135,178 hectares for the year to 30 June 2015. The ABS reported that vineyard area in Australia in 2015 had shrunk by 22% from the record of 2007, and was at its lowest level since 1999.

Global wine production increased by 2.2% in 2015, despite the decline in worldwide vineyard area (Table 32). OIV data shows the trend was led by Italian winemakers, who boosted total production 12% to 4,950 ML and cemented the country's position as the world's largest wine producer. France lifted wine production by only 2%, while output from Spain dropped 6%. OIV ranked Australia as the world's seventh largest wine producer with 1,190 ML in 2015, steady with the previous year.

In terms of wine exports (Table 33), Australia punched above its weight by ranking fifth in OIV's world league tables in terms of both volume and value. Australian exports (measured in OIV's currency of euros) jumped 15.6% to 1.459 billion in 2015. As reported elsewhere in this year's Wine Industry Directory, Australia's 2016 export performance was even stronger thanks to the industry's ability to capitalise on soaring demand from China. This could see Australia overtake Chile to become the world's fourth largest exporter in terms of value.

Spain is easily the world's largest wine exporter in terms of volume, with 2400 ML shipped in 2015, or more than three times Australia's exports of 740 ML. However, Spain ranked third in terms of value of exports behind France and Italy, reflecting the fact that 62% of its exports were low value bulk wines.

Looking at global imports (Table 34), the US imported more wine by value than any other country in 2015. US imports jumped by 20.2% to 4.85 billion euros, well ahead of the UK (3.91 billion euros) and Germany (2.47 billion euros). China overtook Canada and Japan to become the fourth largest country for imports by value after a 60.7% jump in 2015 to 1.84 billion euros.

OIV no longer publishes data on wine consumption per capita, but it does provide data on country consumption (Table 35). The US is the world's largest wine market, with consumption of 3,100 ML in 2015, up 1.0% from the previous year. The US is now the largest market by a wide margin following a steady decline in consumption in France over recent years, which fell a further 1.2% to 2,720 ML in 2015. France and Germany were equal third with a consumption level of 2,050 ML, up slightly from the previous year. China ranked fifth, with an estimated 1,600 ML consumed, up 3.2%.

Table 31. Top countries ranked by vineyard area, 2015

Country

Vineyard area ’000 ha

% of world

% change from 2014

Spain 1,021 13.6 -0.1
China 830 11 4.3
France 786 10.4 -0.6
Italy 682 9.1 -1.2
Turkey 497 6.6 -1
United States 419 5.6 0
Argentina 225 3 -0.4
Portugal 217 2.9 -3.1
Chile 211 2.8 0
Romania 192 2.6 0
Australia 149 2 -3.2
South Africa 130 1.7 -1.5
World 7,534 71.1 0.1

Source: OIV - State of the Vitiviniculture World Market April 2016

Table 32. Top producers of wine in the world, 2015 (ML)

Country

Wine production (ML)

% of world

change from 2014

Italy 4,950 18 12
France 4,750 17.3 2
Spain 3,720 13.6 -6
United States 2,210 8.1 1
Argentina 1,340 4.9 -12
Chile 1,290 4.7 28
Australia 1,190 4.3 0
South Africa 1,120 4.1 -2
China 1,100 4 -5
Germany 890 3.2 -4
Portugal 670 2.4 8
Russia 490 1.8 0
Romania 350 1.3 -6
World 27,440 87.7 2

Source: OIV - State of the Vitiviniculture World Market April 2016. Excludes juice and must

Table 33. Top exporters of wine in the world, 2015

Country

Wine exports volume (ML)

% change from 2014

Wine exports value (Million €)

% change from 2014

Spain 2,400 3.1 2,641 4.4
Italy 2,000 -2 5,353 5.4
France 1,400 -2.1 8,244 6.8
Chile 880 8.6 1,650 18.9
Australia 740 5.7 1,459 15.6
South Africa 420 0 629 5.9
United States 420 5 1,395 26.5
Germany 360 -7.7 953 -2.4
Portugal 280 0 738 1.8
Argentina 270 3.8 737 16.8
New Zealand 210 10.5 963 14
World Total 9,807 25,610

Source: OIV - State of the Vitiviniculture World Market April 2016. Excluding must.

Table 34. Top importers of wine by volume (ML) and value (Euro millions) 2015

Wine imports volume (ML)

% change from 2014

Wine imports value (Million €)

% change from 2014

Germany 1,510 -1.9 2,466 -3.6
United Kingdom 1,360 0 3,915 8.7
United States 1,100 2.8 4,855 20.2
France 780 13 669 7.7
China 560 43.6 1,840 60.7
Canada 410 7.9 1,618 10.4
Russia 400 -14.9 625 -27.7
Netherlands 350 -7.9 867 -9.2
Belgium 320 3.2 930 -6.7
Japan 280 3.7 1,319 9
World Total 10,260 1.3

Source: OIV - State of the Vitiviniculture World Market April 2016

Table 35. Top wine consuming nations, 2015

Country

Wine consumption ML

% of world

% change from 2014

USA 3,100   1
France 2,720   -1.2
Italy 2,050   0.3
Germany 2,050   1.1
China 1,600   3.2
United Kingdom 1,290   2.4
Argentina 1,030   3.2
Spain 1,000   1.3
Russia 890   -7
Australia 540   -1
Portugal 480   1.6
South Africa 420   7.5
World Total 24,000 0.4

Source: OIV - State of the Vitiviniculture World Market April 2016


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