Wine Industry Statistics - Geographical Indications

Viticulture · Vintage · Domestic Sales · Exports · Wine Stocks · Wine Consumption
Wine Companies · World Comparisons · Geographic Indications · Organisations
Information Sources · Industry Strategies & Plans

Looking for who has a vineyard in a specific Geographical Indication?
Access WID online searchable wineries database by purchasing the Wine Industry Directory

Geographical Indications

A Geographical Indication (GI) is an official description of an Australian wine zone, region or sub-region. It takes the form of a textual description (i.e. a list of grid references, map coordinates, roads and natural landmarks which can be traced to outline the regional boundary) along with a map. Its main purpose is to protect the use of the regional name under international law, limiting its use to describe wines produced from winegrape fruit grown within that GI.

A Geographical Indication can be likened to the appellation naming system used in Europe (e.g. Bordeaux, Burgundy) but is much less restrictive in terms of viticultural and winemaking practices. In fact the only restriction is that wine which carries the regional name must consist of a minimum of 85% of fruit from that region. This protects the integrity of the label and safeguards the consumer.

The use of Geographical Indications in Australia commenced in 1993 when the Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation Act (1980) was updated to enable Australia to fulfil its Agreements with the European Community on Trade in Wine and the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). The Act serves to 'provide the legal means for interested parties to prevent use of a geographical indication identifying wines for wines not originating in the place indicated by the geographical indication in question'.

The hierarchy of GIs commences with a zone known as South Eastern Australia which is the area south east of a line from North Queensland to Ceduna in South Australia. States have been declared as GIs as well as 28 zones with contiguous boundaries within each state. About 65 regions have been identified; most have been entered in the Register of Protected names, while others are still in the interim or proposal stage. A Geographical Indication does not have legal status under the Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation Act until it has been defined and entered onto the Register of Protected Names. For details on GIs, please refer to the Wine Australia website at

State/Zones Regions Subregion
South Eastern Australia 1
South Australia
Adelaide (Super Zone, includes Mount Lofty Ranges, Fleurieu and Barossa
Barossa Barossa Valley
  Eden Valley High Eden
Far North Southern Flinders Ranges
Fleurieu Currency Creek
  Kangaroo Island
  Langhorne Creek
  McLaren Vale
  Southern Fleurieu
Limestone Coast Coonawarra
  Mount Benson
  Mount Gambier
Lower Murray Riverland
Mount Lofty Ranges Adelaide Hills Lenswood
    Piccadilly Valley
  Adelaide Plains
  Clare Valley
The Peninsulas
New South Wales
Big Rivers Murray Darling2
  Swan Hill2
Central Ranges Cowra
Hunter Valley Hunter Broke Fordwich
    Upper Hunter Valley
Northern Rivers Hastings River
Northern Slopes New England Australia
South Coast Shoalhaven Coast
  Southern Highlands
Southern New South Wales Canberra District
Western Plains
Western Australia
Central Western Australia  
Eastern Plains, Inland and North of Western Australia  
Greater Perth Peel
  Perth Hills
  Swan District Swan Valley
South West Australia Blackwood Valley
  Great Southern Albany
    Frankland River
    Mount Barker
  Margaret River
West Australian South East Coastal
  Granite Belt
  South Burnett
Central Victoria Bendigo
  Goulburn Valley Nagambie Lakes
  Strathbogie Ranges
  Upper Goulburn
North East Victoria Alpine Valleys
  King Valley
North West Victoria Murray Darling2
  Swan Hill2
Port Phillip Geelong
  Macedon Ranges
  Mornington Peninsula
  Yarra Valley
Western Victoria Grampians Great Western3
Northern Territory
Australian Capital Territory
1The zone South Eastern Australia incorporates the whole of NSW, VIC and TAS and only part of QLD and SA.
2Murray Darling and Swan Hill are contained within the zones of Big Rivers (NSW) and North West Victoria (VIC).
3The use of Great Western is subject to legally enforceable conditions of use.



Roberts Real Estate


Bayer Teldor

Curtin University


WID 2016